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Benjis seeds

Valerian [Valeriana officinalis]

Valerian [Valeriana officinalis]

Regular price €2,50 EUR
Regular price Sale price €2,50 EUR
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Seeds

Tips to reduce water requirements

We recommend mulching the beds
Experience has shown that by covering the floor with hay or straw, evaporation can be reduced by 80%. If you keep the beds evenly moist, an optimal humid microclimate will be created under the mulch. This not only promotes the growth of plants, but also enormously reduces water consumption. On our farm we only water every 2-3 days and irrigate a 200 m2 cultivation area in the Algarve in Portugal with 500l of water. Our beds are always moist, which promotes plant growth and harvest quality.

It is also advisable to keep the beds moist at all times, even if the bed is not used for a certain period of time
The desiccation of the soil leads to a huge decline in micro-and macro-organisms in the soil, resulting in a barren soil over time. Tests have shown that the water content in the entire bed with full-scale irrigation remains longer than if watering is only carried out selectively. Due to the small volume of the poured surfaces, in contrast to the large dry volume, they dry out faster than if the entire volume of the bed is filled with moisture. Similar to heating in an apartment.

Maintaining an energy level always requires less energy than having to achieve it again and again.

Shipping and pick-up information

Shipping
We offer CTT shipping for Saagut Europe and USA far! With us you will always receive a tracking number to track your package. Shipping costs differ depending on the shipping region. Here is a list of regions and prices:

National Shipping
Portugal (with the Azores and Madeira Islands)
Envelope or package up to 500g = € 3.50
2 kg Bus Package = 8 €
Package over 2 kg = 16 €

Europe Shipping
Envelope up to 100g = 7 €
500g Bus Package = 9,50 €
1kg Bus Package = 14 €
2kg Bus Package = 20 €
Package over 2kg = 40 €

USA Shipping
Envelope up to 100g = € 7.50
500g Bus Package = 15,50 €
1 kg Bus Package = 24 €
2 kg Bus Package = 33,50 €
Package over 2 kg = 67 €

After you have completed your order with payment, you will receive a shipping confirmation email with your tracking number.


Abholung
You can pick up your order at any time from 12 noon to 8 pm or by appointment with us on site or at the markets we visit.

Simply enter the desired market to pick up in the comment box in the shopping cart.

You can find the markets in the menu on our website or at this link: https://www.benjis.net/pages/market-dates

Valerian is a very old perennial medicinal plant that has been known in Europe since the 4th century. The medicinal herb has calming ingredients and is used as a natural pain-relieving sleep aid and nerve-calming relaxant. Valerian is an easy-care swamp and wet meadow plant and is therefore used to changing wet and dry conditions. The leaves are used in ointments or prepared in the form of a tea. The plant attracts many insects such as beetles, butterflies and hoverflies to the garden. Valerian grows throughout Europe, especially in moorland meadows and on the banks of rivers and streams.

General information
Plant family: Valerianaceae
Life cycle: Perennial
Days to harvest: 200 days
Plant height approx.: 150 cm
Root type: Deep rooter
Nutrient requirements: Medium eater
Water requirements: Medium
Winter hardiness: Up to -20 °C
Location: Sunny until semi shady
Soil: Permeable, moist, loamy, sandy

pH value: 6 to 7

Sowing and planting information
Germ type: Light germinator
Sowing depth: 0 cm
Optimal germination temperature: 15-25 °C
Germination time: 10-20 days
Plant and row spacing: 40x50 cm

Optimal mixed culture: Bean, Dill, Pea, Potato, Cabbage
Unfavorable mixed culture: Lamb's lettuce, Wormwood

Subtropic climate (Mediterranean) (e. g. B. Portugal, Spain, Italy)
Sow directly outdoors from March to May or in autumn from September to October. We recommend pre-cultivation in small pots from February to May or in autumn from August to October.

Moderate climate (e. g. B. Germany, Switzerland, Poland)
Sow directly outdoors from May to June after the last frosts. We recommend pre-cultivation in small pots from March to June.

General
When pre-cultivating, sow the seeds in small pots and let the seedlings grow to the first visible valerian leaves. Then plant the pregrown plants from the pots directly into the open field. The seedlings are planted in the bed from the 2nd pair of leaves after the cotyledons.
As a typical swamp and wet meadow plant, valerian prefers a sunny location with moist, heavy clay soil.

Additional tips
Seedlings need to be watered regularly, after which larger plants can be kept drier. Soils can also be flooded at times; the species is used to changing wetness and can also cope with drier soils in the garden. Tends to self-seed heavily. In order to quickly obtain a fine, crumbly and permeable soil, we recommend additional incorporation of biochar and primary rock powder.

Type of propagation
It spreads via seeds.

Plant care
No maintenance necessary.

Germination ability of seeds: 2-3 years

Other Names
Botanical names: Valeriana officinalis
English names: Valerian
German names: Baldrian, Katzenkraut
Portuguese names: Valeriana
Spanish names: Valeriana
French names: Valériane

  • Made in harmony with nature
  • All seeds and seedlings are genetically stable for further propagation
  • Our seeds are always checked for germination at regular intervals
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